Orthotics or Shoe Inserts come in different shapes, styles, and fit. Orthotics have been called Arch Supports, Insoles, Heel Liners, and Foot cushions.
Orthotics can be divided into two categories:
Functional Orthotics and Accommodative Orthotics
Functional Orthotics or Custom Orthotics are specially-made devices designed to support, comfort, and control abnormal motion. Custom orthotics are prescribed by a Podiatrist that is specifically made to meet the needs specific to one’s feet.
They match the contours of the feet, molded to fit each individual foot, and they place the foot and the muscle-skeletal system in a better functioning manner.
They are designed to treat a variety of foot problems such as diabetic foot pathology, plantar fasciitis/heel/arch pain, bursitis, tendinitis, arthritis, flatfeet, gait abnormalities, foot/ankle/knee/back pain, shin splints, and status post-surgical correction of foot deformities. The use of custom orthotics can be highly beneficial, and they have been proven to decrease foot pain and improve function. Foot pain is never normal, but relief can be as easy as having a custom orthotic made for your feet. Orthotics DO NOT correct structural foot deformities, but they do improve foot function and gait.
Custom Orthotics are fabricated after a complete evaluation has been performed on the feet, ankles, and legs so that the orthotic device can address one’s unique foot structure and pathology. Custom Orthotics can be made in many different shapes, sizes, materials, and soft to stiff materials in nature.
Accommodative Orthotics can also be molded to fit each individual foot as well like a functional orthotic, and they can also be functional in nature, but to a lesser degree. Accommodative orthotics are usually softer in nature. They can also be dispensed by a Podiatrist in the office based on the patient’s needs and shoe size.
They are meant to provide cushioning and support. If you are simply looking for extra cushioning or support, you can try an over-the-counter orthotic dispensed by a Podiatrist in the office setting or at a local pharmacy. Or, based on clinical examination and findings, the Podiatrist will determine if custom orthotics would be beneficial.
For evaluation, confirming diagnosis, and treatment options, make an appointment with Dr. Novabilski